Centrotinae Amyot and Serville, 1843

Synonyms (and unplaced invalid names)
Centrodontinae Deitz, 1975, Nessorhininae Deitz, 1975, Oxyrhachinae Distant, 1908, Platybelinae Capener, 1952, Terentiinae Haupt, 1929
Selected references
Amyot and Serville 1843a
Funkhouser 1927
Metcalf and Wade 1965a
Capener 1968a
Nast 1972a
Ananthasubramanian 1996a
McKamey 1998a
Dietrich, McKamey, and Deitz 2001a
Yuan and Chou 2002a
Wallace and Deitz 2004a
Godoy, Miranda, and Nishida 2006a
Wallace 2010a
Taxon images
Centrotinae
15297_mximage
1.Centrotus
16555_mximage
2.Gargara genistae
15656_mximage
3.Oxyrhachis pandata
15489_mximage
4.Multareis cornutus
15554_mximage
5.Monocentrus fuscoflavus
15560_mximage
6.Paraxiphopoeus gestroi
22025_mximage
7.Jingkara hyalipunctata
15344_mximage
8.Leptobelus
15363_mximage
9.Otinotus
15327_mximage
10.Hamma
15402_mximage
11.Xiphopoeus
15295_mximage
12.Centrochares
 
Distribution
Afrotropical, Australian, Indomalayan, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic, and Oceanic regions. Members of this large cosmopolitan subfamily are indigenous worldwide except on the ancient, isolated islands of New Zealand (one species introduced from Australia) and Madagascar. In the Old World the subfamily is especially diverse in the Afrotropical and Indomalayan regions. In the New World the subfamily is most frequent in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. Tropical South America has relatively few species, and native species are unknown from Canada (one species introduced from the Old World), much of the United States, and southern South America.
16705_mximage
1.
 
Diagnostic characters
Pronotum produced posteriorly (exceptions: posterior process absent in Abelus and Hemicentrus). Scutellum not concealed by posterior process (exceptions: concealed by process in Centrodontini, Oxyrhachini, most Nessorhinini, Bulbauchenia, Mesocentrina, Monobelus, Neosextius, and polymorphic in Centrotypus and Sextius). Forewing with clavus truncate (exception: clavus acuminate in Centrodontini); apical limbus broad in most genera; posterior process rarely overlapping forewing. Abdomen with inornate pits, each with associated lateral seta.
Description
Length 2-10 mm. Color black, tan, brown, dark brown, or combinations thereof; often with areas of fine white pubescence; pronotum infrequently with red or orange markings.
Chromosome numbers
The male 2n= 10, 13, 17, 19, 20, 21 or 23.
Ecology
Centrotinae have been recorded from at least 105 host plant families.
Behavior
Some genera exhibit maternal care in the form of egg guarding. Some genera are tended by ants. Aggressive behavior is also reported among certain groups.
Taxonomic constituents
Boccharini Wallace and Deitz, 2004 Wallace and Deitz, 2004
Centrotini Amyot and Serville, 1843 Amyot and Serville, 1843
Choucentrini Yuan, in Yuan and Chou, 1988 Yuan, in Yuan and Chou, 1988
Leptobelini Yuan, in Yuan and Chou, 2002 Yuan, in Yuan and Chou, 2002
Lobocentrini Wallace and Deitz, 2004 Wallace and Deitz, 2004
Maarbarini Wallace and Deitz, 2004 Wallace and Deitz, 2004
Megalocentrus Yuan in Yuan and Chou, 2002 Yuan in Yuan and Chou, 2002
Monobelini Wallace and Deitz, 2004 Wallace and Deitz, 2004
Sinocentrus Yuan in Yuan and Chou, 2002 Yuan in Yuan and Chou, 2002
Prepared by
Matthew S. Wallace, Lewis L. Deitz, and Mark J. Rothschild, 2 November 2014.