Metcalf and Wade 1965a
Deitz and Dietrich 1993a
Dietrich and Deitz 1993a
Animalia → Arthropoda → Insecta → Pterygota → Hemiptera → Auchenorrhyncha → Cicadomorpha → Membracoidea
Aetalionidae Spinola, 1850
Synonyms (and unplaced invalid names)
Biturritiidae Metcalf, 1951
The family Aetalionidae is primarily Neotropical, but the subfamily Aetalioninae includes the New World genus Aetalion recorded from the Nearctic (Arizona and Florida) and Neotropical regions, and the Old World genus Darthula of the Indomalayan region. All members of the second aetalionid subfamily, Biturritiinae, occur only in the Neotropical region.
1. Aetalion reticulatum female with egg m... Aetalion reticulatum female with egg mass ↴
7. Tremembraetalion minutum (fossil ... Tremembraetalion minutum (fossil forewing) ↴
8. Aetalion females, immatures, and eg... Aetalion females, immatures, and egg masses ↴
9. Aetalion reticulatum, nymphs and adult... Aetalion reticulatum, nymphs and adult ↴
11. Tropidaspis female on egg mass, with ... Tropidaspis female on egg mass, with ants ↴
12. Lophyraspis adults and nymphs, with ... Lophyraspis adults and nymphs, with ant ↴
Frontoclypeus flat or weakly convex, not produced anteroventrally. Distance from eye to base of forewing greater than half eye width. Pronotum not produced posteriorly over the scutellum; pronotal projection, if present, produced dorsomedially (Biturritia). Scutellum fully visible, usually strongly convex basally and keeled apically (keel strong in many Biturritiinae), rarely depressed, often elongate. Forewings with veins R and M fused basally (share common stem). Prothoracic trochanter and femur immovably fused (suture may be visible). Male and female pygofer with pair of processes produced posteroventrally (processes weak in Mina, at least in females, and in Tropidaspsis). Nymph with abdominal tergum IX not forming sheath around segment X (ventromedial lobes, when present, free), anal opening dorsal or posterior.
Aetalioninae Spinola, 1850 Spinola, 1850
Biturritiinae Metcalf, 1951 Metcalf, 1951
Tremembaetalion Martins-Neto, 1998 Martins-Neto, 1998
Lewis L. Deitz, Christopher H. Dietrich, Olivia Evangelista, and Gabriel Simões de Andrade, 31 July 2014.